Dating pdf

Forever Alone, Together!

2010.09.15 02:09 noonches Forever Alone, Together!

A subreddit for Forever Alone. lonely depressed sad anxiety
[link]


2018.03.26 08:35 SubsaharanAmerican Black Pill Science

A subreddit dedicated to understanding the realities of human social and sexual behavior.
[link]


2017.10.19 04:36 asianblazin Asian Sexual Politics: Respectful, Honest Talk

A subreddit for the Asian diaspora to banter about sexual politics- respectfully, away from racism and misogyny.
[link]


2020.10.31 23:04 poldim Has anyone seen or heard anything about the new MPP LV6548?

I saw this on their site and wondering if anyone's actually seen one or had any experiences with it. The manual is dated 10/20/2020 so appears pretty new.

Brochure & Manual
submitted by poldim to solar [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 22:09 JosephsonAdam How to give pro-choice-leaning men more pro-choice voting options?

As a man who has experienced female sexual abuse, I lean pro-choice; but I've consistently voted pro-life for a few elections now due to the lack of alternative options in the promotion of male sexual and reproductive rights.
While people know about male sexual aggression, we often ignore the scale of female sexual aggression and how this in turn can affect the way a man might vote.
Whereas feminists perceive two positions on male sexual and reproductive rights (pro-paper-abortion and pro-opt-in), non-feminists (incmuding I) perceive at least five separate and distinct positions to advance male reproductive rights (the last three of which aim at reducing the rate of unwanted pregnancies in the first place and so might attract sincere pro-life interest too). To understand these different positions, we first need to understand the male sexual experience and how this could motivate some pro-choice men to vote pro-life.
According to the World Health Organization:
'[I]nternational studies reveal that nearly 3 in 4 children aged 2-4 years regularly suffer physical punishment and/or psychological violence at the hands of parents and caregivers, and 1 in 5 women and 1 in 13 men report having been sexually abused as a child.'
' Child maltreatment causes suffering to children and families and can have long-term consequences. Maltreatment causes stress that is associated with disruption in early brain development. Extreme stress can impair the development of the nervous and immune systems. Consequently, as adults, maltreated children are at increased risk for behavioural, physical and mental health problems such as:
'perpetrating or being a victim of violence
:depression
:smoking
' obesity
'high-risk sexual behaviours
' unintended pregnancy
:alcohol and drug misuse.:
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/child-maltreatment
According to the APA:
'A total of 43 percent of high school boys and young college men reported they had an unwanted sexual experience and of those, 95 percent said a female acquaintance was the aggressor.'
'Being coerced into having sexual intercourse was related to risky sexual behaviors and more drinking among the victims.'
https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2014/03/coerced-sex
According to the online PDF report Internet sex addiction: A review of empirical research:
'In addition to the qualitative research studies, nine quantitative studies investigating Internet sex addiction in adults were identified in the literature review. These are presented in chronological order. Schwartz and Southern (2000) aimed to describe compulsive cybersex in a sample of 40 cybersex problem patients who were treated for mental health problems at the time of investigation. The sample comprised 19 males, 57% were married, 48% were white collar workers, 20% were blue collar workers, 12% were students, 68% had a history of sexual abuse, 43% suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and 73% suffered from some affective disorder. Furthermore, it was reported that 70% had a sexual addiction, 56% were dependent on some psychoactive substance, and 48% had some kind of eating disorder. The researchers based their analysis on preliminary descriptive data, reviewing clinical files including initial assessments, psychiatric evaluations, psychosocial histories, and other mental health assessments. In terms of the participants’ online sexual preferences, 26% had a predilection for some paraphiliac behaviour, 21% wanted romance and/or dating, 16% were looking for extra-marital partners (e.g., swinging), 11% wanted sexual chat, homosexual and/or teenage contacts online. Overall, their compulsive engagement in cybersex resulted in many negative consequences (e.g., relationship problems, work problems, personal problems, and excessive time involvement (Schwartz & Southern, 2000).'
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239750133_Sex_Addiction_on_the_Internet&ved=2ahUKEwiEqLO1u9fsAhVKQ80KHTV1DGMQFjABegQIChAC&usg=AOvVaw3FHuLze2t8h5TXJS_OecoM
According to the online PDF report Risky Business: The Market for Unprotected Sex:
'In this paper, we investigate why sex workers may not be using condoms. We begin by constructing a simple bargaining model of commercial sex that has a number of empirically testable predictions. The model predicts that a condom will not be used when the client’s maximum willingness to pay not to use a condom is greater than the minimum the sex worker is willing to accept to take the risk. Surprisingly, however, the model also predicts that when the client is worried about the risk of infection from unprotected sex, he may be charged more for using a condom than for unprotected sex. Similarly, when the sex worker prefers not to use a condom, the client is given a discount for not using a condom. The price differential between protected and unprotected sex is a weighted average of the maximum the client is willing to pay for not using a condom and the minimum the sex worker is willing to accept to take the risk of infection by not using a condom. The weights are a function of the relative bargaining power of the client and sex worker.worker.'
http://cega.berkeley.edu/assets/cega_research_projects/102/Risky_Business_The_Market_for_Unprotected_Commercial_Sex.pdf
According to the Youtube documentary Cowboys of Paradise, female buyers often prefer and male providers often willingly provide unprotected sex too.
https://world.time.com/2013/10/15/ignorance-and-a-thriving-sex-industry-fuel-aids-explosion-on-bali/
Even a masseuse can sexually assault a male customer:
https://metro.co.uk/2017/11/02/man-assaulted-by-masseuse-who-tried-to-perform-sex-act-on-him-after-massage-7050150/
According to the online PDF report The cost of HIV/Aids in Canada:
'The proportion of indirect to direct costs is also greater in estimates of total cumulative illness costs, because indirect costs due to premature mortality continue to accumulate even when direct costs cease at the time of death. Thus Albert and Williams estimate the total economic burden of HIV/AIDS in Canada to date at $36.3 billion, of which $29.9 billion are indirect costs and $6.4 billion are direct costs (a ratio of nearly 5:1). They also estimate the future economic burden associated with the current HIV population at $27.3 billion, (reflecting a 4% discount rate), of which $23.3 billion are indirect costs and $4 billion are direct costs, a ratio of nearly 6:11'
http://www.gpiatlantic.org/pdf/health/costofaids.pdf
This does not include the cost of unplanned pregnancies, syphilis and other STI's, and trauma.
The five male pro-choice positions I see are as follows:
  1. Pro-paper-abortion (PPA)
According to this position, human life starts at delivery as a result of the woman's decision to not obtain an abortion.
A man might not have consented to the sexual act leading to the pregnancy.
Sexual assault is extremely difficult to prove beyond reasonable doubt and when it can, it might take too long to do so.
Therefore the man should have the right to file for a paper abortion within the first eighteen weeks of pregnancy to permanently forfeit all paternal rights and obligations.
The above is not just theoretical: some actually promote it:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_abortion
I presume that supporters view it as a male post-conception equivalent of 'my-body-my-choice'.
Pros:
It could deter a woman from sexually assaulting a man with intent to entrap him through pregnancy.
Cons:
a. It can embolden more men to sexually assault women.
b. It could allow a consenting man to forfeit his obligations.
c. It could legitimize the idea that paternal rights and obligations are secondary to women's and so promote a slippery slope towards increasingly denying paternal rights and obligations.
d. It can enable male sexual addiction by removing a man's responsibility for his actions.
  1. Pro-opt-in (POI)
This position simply takes the PPA position to its logical conclusion: if human life starts only at delivery as a result of the woman's decision to deliver, then it follows that she holds exclusive parental rights and obligations towards the child except to the degree that she allows the father to opt in.
Non-feminists who see the logical conclusion of the PPA position perceive it as a dangerous slippery slope towards the POI position.
The pros and cons of the POI positions resemble those of the PPA position but more significant.
Worse yet, the POI position is not just theoretical either. Some feminists have promoted that position too.
  1. Pro-criminalization-of-fornication (PCF)
According to this position:
Human life starts at conception; but while the mother may have a legitimate reason to obtain an abortion and so should be free to decide according to her own conscience, the father does not.
Consent to fornication is a primary cause of unplanned pregnancies.
Consent to fornication is easier to prove than sexual assault so provides a more effective deterrent against sexual assault
Therefore, to deter unnecessary abortions in the context of decriminalization, consent to fornication should be punished by a heavy fine that doubles for each repetition of the offence.
It follows from this rationale that the father's paternal obligations stem not from whether he'd consented to the act that led to the conception, but rather from his biological paternity alone.
They would view financial assistance and mental-health support for a male victim of female sexual abuse as a separate matter for discussion.
As strange as this position might seem at first glance, given the pregnancy, STI, trauma, and other risks involved, regulating the exchange of bodily fluids betwen random individuals seems scientifically even more valid than imposing a fine for not wearing a facemask or not keeping physical distance.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fornication#Across_history,_cultures,_and_laws
Pros: Consent to fornication is easier to prove beyond reasonable doubt than sexual coersion or assault, prostitution, or paying for sex, so could more effectively deter these, reduce the spread of STI's, unplanned pregnancies, and trauma, and help sexual addicts to better manage their behaviour.
Cons:
a. It can reduce sexual freedom and, while it may deter sexual assault, does not prevent it.
b. It does not liberate a male victim of female sexual aggression from his paternal obligations.
  1. Pro-Self-Exclusion (PSE)
This posion follows the same rationale as the PCF position above, but just doesn't take it to its logical conclusion.
Instead, it proposes to keep fornication legal by default but allow a man to self-exclude through some kind of administrative process (such as through an online passport account) from the freedom to give his consent to fornication under threat of a heavy fine that doubles for each repetition of the offence.
In exchange, a woman who encourages him (beyond just giving her enthusiastic consent)
to give his consent could face a heavy fine for incitement to commit a self-exclusion offence.
This would be easier to prove than sexual assault and so would provide more deterrence, which is important when we consider that a man's reproductive rights end at conception under all circumstances.
The woman would then need to confirm a man's status (perhaps from an official email message sent from his passport account) before encouraging him beyond just giving her enthusiastic consent to avoid the risk of paying a heavy fine for incitement to commit a self-exclusion offence.
A man could pro-actively send a formal email message from his passport account prior to a first dinner date alone at her home as a way to clearly communicate his nonconsent to any sexual interaction with her and warn her of the potential legal consequences if she tries to pressure him into sex.
Should she ignore this warning and continue to pursue or stalk him, he could sign into his passport account to resend the formal message, but this time with a CC to a police sexual-crimes unit. Receiving a formal email message with such a CC would probably deter most female aggressors from continuing the behaviour, especially if she an investigator later contacts her to question her and give her a casual warning.
Should she continue the behaviour, the man could resend the message with CC, which could provoke a police sexual crimes unit to open a formal investigation to determine whether the man has make a false rape accusation or whether the woman may be abusing him emotionally and sexually.
A passport account could allow its holder to sign in to self-exclude from the freedom to marry up to any chosen date up to a maximum of two-years into the future (extendable at any time). For added good measure, he could self-exclude, for the duration of a five-year passport and autorenewable every five years, from the freedom to marry without the free and explicit consent of both his and her living biological parents (with the exception of any parent who loses his right of parenthood as a result of a criminal conviction for rape, molestation, or gross negligence leading to abuse of the child). This could allow a man who feels extreme pressure to marry (such as when he faces a threat of suicide or other such blackmail) to self-exclude so as to be unable to give consent within a selected period of time, without involving their living biological parents, or both.
For men who already struggle with sexual addiction resulting from past trauma, self-exclusion could help them better manage their behaviour by proving a stronger deterrent than default laws can provide.
I have met at least one man who'd experienced a woman threatening him with a false rape accusation if he refused to have sex with her. Though I don't know how common that is and have never experienced that particular kind of abuse myself, the fact that it even occurs raises concerns about a man's self-excluded status making him not less, but rather even more vulnerable to female sexual aggression. To counter this, a man who self-excludes from the freedom to consent to fornication could be granted the right, on request, to an inquisitorial trial in Esperanto without the aid of an interpreter, protection from rape-shield laws, and the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
At my second wife's admissibility hearing, the Minister's counsel refused to share the names of anonymous witnesses with my wife's counsel and told her that she would need to apply through the Access-to-Information Act to get that information as a tactic to stretch the duration of the process and so discourage us.
Under the adversarial system, the Minister's counsel effectively served as the gate-keeper to the available evidence and was hired explicitly to prove my wife's guilt. In other words, she had a motive and the power to suppress evidence that exculpated my wife. The first judge recognized this tactic and so ruled in my wife's favour. The appeal judge ruled that the Minister's counsel had no obligation to present such evidence and that the onus was therefore on my wife to prove her innocence. This cost us tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees and around two years of legal limbo. An inquisitorial trial could have empowered the judge to access that information himself.
In states that possess more than one official language, it is not uncommon even for people in positions of authority to fail to master their language of work:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Official_bilingualism_in_Canada#Educational,_linguistic,_economic,_and_other_challenges_of_official_bilingualism
Given how, in any state that has more than one official language, police and border officers, counsels, and even judges may fail to master their official language of work, an accused who distrusts the judge's competence in the language of the trial and the competence of an interpreter could request a trial in Esperanto without the aid of an interpreter so as to address the judge directly in a language that the judge could reasonably master.
According to one study, a person can learn as much Esperanto in 150 hours of instruction as he could English after 1,500 hours. To put this into perspective, a person who starts to learn Esperanto at the age of eight for fifty hours a year for six consecutive years could achieve the same mastery of Esperanto by the age of fifteen as he could after three thousand hours of English (as is simply not possible in any publicly-funded school anywhere in the world).
https://www.vie-publique.frapport/27650-lenseignement-des-langues-etrangeres-comme-politique-publique
(in French)
We should remember that a judge is not a language scholar but a legal scholar. This could save on legal interpretation costs too.
To grant a self-excluded person protection from rape-shield laws could protect him from an aggressor's attempt to weaponize the law against him by blackmailing him into unwanted sex through a threat of a false rape accusation.
The right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty beyond reasonable doubt could protect a self-excluded foreign national from being expelled from the country on mere circumstatial evidence. Had my wife enjoyed such a right, she would never have had to face trial in the first place given the lack of evidence and revealed incompetence and prejudices of some of the people involved in her case. The same could apply to a falsely-accused foreign male.
Self-exclusion could present some risks. For example, a woman could coerce a man into consenting to fornication, in which case he would then hesitate to report her out of a fear that he could face a fine too. We should remember though that precedent already exists to take duress into account in cases of coerced consent. We should remember too that the man would have freely chosen to self-exclude with the understanding that self-exclusion would come with both advantages (such as more sexual protection under the law) and disadvantages (such as less sexual freedom under the law). It would be up to the self-excluded man to not freely consent to fornication so as to benefit from its greater protection under the law.
I know a few men (including me) who support this position and others who, following its rational conclusion, perceive it as a step or slippery slope to the PCF position above.
I see it as a male pre-conception equivalent of 'my-body-my-choice'.
A Right-to-Self-Exclusion Act (RSEA) could extend to alcohol, gambling, prostitution, and other addictions too:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-exclusion
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashless_Welfare_Card
Its pros and cons resemble those of the PCF position above for those who choose ti self-exclude and any other person in their interactions with the self-excluded.
If you would like to know more about what a Right-to-Self-Exclusion Act might look like, please let me know and I could email you the details.
  1. Anti-abortion
In the absence of an alternative in popular political discourse, some men who otherwise lean pro-choice may vote pro-life in the belief that making abortion a criminal offence could more effectively deter female sexual aggression against men and, in so doing, more effectively promote male sexual and reproductive rights.
We can reasonably presume that many of these men would switch their votes to better alternatives to promote male sexual and reproductive rights if given the choice.
Where do you stand on male sexual and reproductive rights?
submitted by JosephsonAdam to ProAbortion [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 21:06 gi-el How to read data from pdf and extract right data with regex ?

My purpose is to read a bank document which contains all my transactions of the month. Today, I manually enter all my transactions in an excel. I would like to automatize it. Thus, this afternoon, I was trying to read the pdf and extract the text.
For that, I used pdf-parse library. On the document, the transactions lines look like :
31-12-2019 Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-2019 -29,00 // (loose money) 31-12-2019 Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-2019 50,00 // (win money) 31-12-2019 Mercedes -500,00 // (loose money) 31-12-2019 Client 10 700,00 // (win money) 
But with the pdf reader, I receive :
31-12-2019Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-2019-29,00 31-12-2019Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-201950,00 31-12-2019Mercedes-500,00 31-12-2019Client10 700,00 
My purpose is to extract : date - text - amount.
const transactions = data.text.split('\n').filter(val => { // regex matching the transaction line of my pdf }); 
I would like to extract this with some regex. But I can't find the right way. For loose of money, we could separate it easily. However, when the transaction is positive, it becomes difficult to detect the right amount, example :
31-12-2019Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-201950,00 //expect: { date:31-12-2019 text: Forfait 01-01-2019 - 31-12-2019 amount: 50,00 } 31-12-2019Client10 700,00 //expect: { date:31-12-2019 text: Client amount: 10 700,00 } 
I tried :
(\d{2}-\d{2}-\d{4})([a-zA-Z]+)([-?\d ]*,[\d]+) 
But does not cover every case I found. Typically, when in the description, you have number at the end. other example :
31-12-2019Comptoir1750,00 // expected 31-12-2019 Comptoir17 50,00 
Do you have any idea ?
thanks a lot,
submitted by gi-el to node [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 20:05 Faulkins_ad IPL 2021 Tentative Schedule Announced (Event Scheduled In India)

IPL 2021 has been booked between 28 March 2021 and 23 May 2021. IPL season 14 opening match liable to be played on 28 March 2021 between IPL 2020 champ and sprinter crews. IPL 2021 Final could be played on 23 May 2021. Here you will get the IPL 2021 Schedule, Fixture, Team, Venue, Time Table, PDF download, Point Table, Ranking and Winning Prediction.
IPL Governing Council (IGC) intending to add 2 more IPL group, you may see 10 groups playing in IPL 2021. There are all out 60 matches will be played in IPL 2021. In the event that 2 all the more new groups added number of class match will increment. Here is the IPL 2021 Schedule (conditional).
IPL 2021 Venue
Because of COVID-19 circumstance in India, IPL 2020 was moved to UAE however IPL 2021 assumes to be played in India as it were. On the off chance that COVID cases in India floods during IPL 2021 can likewise move to UAE. UAE and India Cricket control group consented to an arrangement to play cricket arrangement in UAE.
IPL 2020 Final LIVE: All you have to think about IPL 2020 Final timetable, date time, Live transmission, spilling in your nation, language
IPL 2020: Where will IPL 2020 last be held?
IPL 2020 last will happen on November 10.
IPL 2020: Where would you be able to watch IPL 2020 last Live score?
While Star Sports have the restrictive streaming rights, you can follow all the IPL 2020 last ball by ball reports on Insidesport.
IPL 2020: When will the IPL 2020 last be Played?
IPL 2020 last will be played on November 10
IPL 2020: What Time IPL 2020 fnal matches Will start? Time
IPL 2020 last matches will begin at 7.30 pm IST (6.00pm UAE time),
IPL 2020: What are the settings for last? – Venue
IPL 2020 last will be played at Dubai
IPL 2020: Which TV channels will communicate IPL 2020 last?
IPL 2020 last will be broadcast on the Star Sports Network.
IPL 2020: How would I observe live gushing of IPL 2020 last matches?
The live spilling of the IPL 2020 last match will be accessible on Disney+ Hotstar. You can likewise get the live updates
submitted by Faulkins_ad to u/Faulkins_ad [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 19:19 HairyGiraffe "This college has chosen not to include certain Common Application answers in the PDF they receive for your application:" Test scores not showing up?

The day before due dates for many of us, and I (and many others, I'm sure) see this text at the bottom of the "final review" pdf: it's missing self-reported test scores. This is true even for colleges that explicitly say on their website that they accept self-reported scores through Common App.
I've found two related help pages, here:
Why are my test scores and other student data missing from the application preview PDF?
Colleges have the ability to suppress data that students have entered into the application on their PDF. The data that can be suppressed include:
• Any or all test information • Social security number • Date of birth • Religious preference • School discipline • Criminal history • Gender identity
If the student entered any of the above information and does not see it on the PDF, it is by design. The suppressed information varies college by college.
During the final review stage of the submission process, you will have an opportunity to review your application PDF. Below the preview itself, there will be light grey text explaining which section(s) the college you're applying to has chosen to suppress.
This tells us, at least, that it's not a glitch. Data is suppressed by design. But that doesn't answer the question: are colleges still receiving the information that isn't visible on the pdf?
I found a Bowdoin-specific answer here:
Self-reported test scores will NOT appear on the PDF preview of your application to Bowdoin College. Test scores reported on the Common Application are transmitted electronically to Bowdoin when you apply and added separately to your application file according to the preferred testing plan you select.
This is somewhat reassuring, but again, it is Bowdoin-specific. Is this applicable to all colleges? Does anyone have more information?
submitted by HairyGiraffe to ApplyingToCollege [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 19:05 N64_Controller WLUK reported TH missing and interviewed MW in person 11/3/05 9PM

The Post Crescent "It doesn't seem like it's been more than four years since we first posted on our Web site just before 9 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 3, 2005, that a woman from Calumet County was reported missing." https://web.archive.org/web/20120829202204/postcrescent.com/proart/99999999/apc06/1270512%3fpagerestricted%3d1   WBAY 11/3/05 10PM "Sheriff Jerry Pagel called us in the last few hours." "He's calling her disappearance suspicious". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFWmOFwgntw&list=PLKEjtvrxihkmt-gWosHJ-BL_NPRXGrmpf   WLUK 11/3/05 9PM The news footage compilation that was recently FOIA'd by Awesome dog contains a 15 second segment from 26:01 to 26:16 that I believe is footage from 11/3/05. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgqaSUM6kos&t=26m2s   The news anchor reports the disappearance at 9:02PM. An interview with Mark Wiegert at the Calumet County jail is shown at 9:39PM. Here's why I think this footage is from 11/3:
  Cpl. LL begins the initial investigation at approximately 1700 hours. 4 hours later, at least 2 TV stations and a newspaper report the disappearance of TH on TV or website. I wonder if it's normal procedure for LE to enlist the media's help in reporting an adult 25 yeard old woman missing, only 2 to 3 hours after starting the investigation, classifying it as 'suspicious'. Remember, the Halbach family only became worried after TP contacted them early afternoon 11/3. That's what KH and MH testified to during trial.   Ok let me be honest, of course I don't wonder if this is normal procedure. The TH case started sometime before 11/3/05.
submitted by N64_Controller to TickTockManitowoc [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 17:09 EpisodicDoleWhip +2,510 New Cases = 208,027 Total Cases in PA; +28 New Deaths = 8,812 Total Deaths in PA

+2,510 New Cases = 208,027 Total Cases in PA; +28 New Deaths = 8,812 Total Deaths in PA

https://preview.redd.it/if7wcticfgw51.png?width=1532&format=png&auto=webp&s=47041867a3ca7bb237e6013b403d852b221aacc6
Pennsylvania COVID-19 Update (as of 10/31/2020 at 12:00 AM):
• 2,510 new cases of COVID-19; 208,027 total cases in PA • 28 new deaths; 8,812 total deaths in PA • 2,314,634 patients tested negative to date
Data:
https://preview.redd.it/xrqckt18fgw51.png?width=2672&format=png&auto=webp&s=54d2daf9dc1d9923b21971491419a36561288f71
Links:
EpisodicDoleWhip’s Google Sheets Data with Visuals
Worldometer - Pennsylvania
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IMHE) - Pennsylvania
PA Department of Health on Twitter
PA Department of Health COVID-19 Home
COVID-19 dashboard/map
Early Warning Dashboard
Yesterday's County Data / Today's County Data (PDF table)
Your feedback is appreciated! If you have a suggestion for useful information that should be included in this daily update, leave a comment below. All upvoted ideas will be considered!
submitted by EpisodicDoleWhip to CoronaVirusPA [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 16:00 autotldr New Stanford study estimates that rallies have led to 30,000 COVID cases and 700 deaths

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 95%. (I'm a bot)
We identify a set of counties that are comparable to the event county at the pertinent point in time, based at least in part on the trajectory of confirmed COVID-19 cases prior to the rally date.
For each event E P, we define the set Sit to consist of the counties with the M smallest values of sijt , excluding j T. In other words, Sit consists of the M counties that are most comparable to county i in week t according to the chosen similarity index.
3.1.4 Evaluation of treatment effects For each event and matching counties Sit , we use the resulting regression to compute the fitted value of cumulative new cases within the outcome window for county i, Yˆiti.
9 For the second set of estimates shown in Figure 1, we identify matching counties based not only on ten weekly lags of confirmed cases per capita, but also on three demographic characteristics: total population, percent less than college educated, and Trump vote share in 2016.4 Placing weight on other variables inevitably reduces the similarity between the pre-event trajectories of COVID19 cases between event counties and matched counties.
A differences-in-differences calculation reveals that the discrepancy between the average before-to-after-event change in death rates for event counties and matched counties is statistically insignificant.
The incremental deaths for county i is the product of the total number of incremental cases in county i and the death rate in county i after the rally.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: county#1 event#2 rally#3 Case#4 effect#5
Post found in /Coronavirus, /science and /politics.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 15:21 PubgSwapOfficial Pre sale

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TWİTTER https://twitter.com/PubgSwapGlobal?s=09
WHİTEPAPER https://pbgswap.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/PubgSwap-WhitePaper.pdf
submitted by PubgSwapOfficial to u/PubgSwapOfficial [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 14:53 montythemink Filename length too long error. Also, copying is slower than Windows?

I am trying to back up copies of files from my windows to my other machine which runs mint.
Problem #1: There are three files which weren't copied as their names were too long. I usually name pdf's with the title of the research paper. Is there an upper-limit to the character length of filenames?
Problem #2: Copying files from the external HDD to my Mint machine for 16 GB data look 30 minutes. This was with USB. The same data set took less than 10 minutes with Windows. Any suggestions on how to optimise this is my system.
Addn info: I have a Lenovo Ideapad.
It only has Mint, not a Dual boot.
My system is up to date as on 31 October 2020.
submitted by montythemink to linuxmint [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 14:32 AutoModerator Formula Regional European Championship: Barcelona - Race 2 Discussion

Formula Regional European Championship Barcelona - Race 2

F1FS Wiki: National F3 Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

A .pdf of this weekends timetable including other events can be found here.
All Times are in CET (UTC +1:00)
Session Local Time
Qualifying Fri 15:57
Race 1 Sat 11:05
Race 2 Sat 17:00
Race 3 Sun 10:25
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

Montmeló, Catalonia, Spain
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Turns: 16
Distance: 30 Minutes + 1 Lap
Cars Entered: 11
Entry List: Here

Live Streaming & Timing

The Formula Regional European Championship series has it's own official Live Streaming services:

Twitter

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  • Formula Regional European Twitter: No official account, use #FormulaRegional
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Discord

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On-Demand Race Replays

You can access previous races of this series and more here: F1FS Race Replays

Standings

Full championship standings can be found here.
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2020.10.31 13:32 AutoModerator Euroformula Open: Barcelona - Race 2 Discussion

Euroformula Open Barcelona - Race 2

F1FS Wiki: National F3 Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

A collection of this weekends timetable including other events is available for download here.
Saturday & Sunday times are in CET (UTC+1:00)
Session Local Time
Qualifying 1 Fri 11:26
Qualifying 2 Sat 15:22
Qualifying 3 Sat 09:00
Race 1 Sat 12:05
Race 2 Sat 16:00
Qualifying 4 Sun 09:00
Race 3 Sun 12:25
Race 4 Sun 15:50
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

Montmeló, Catalonia, Spain
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Turns: 16
Distance: 18 laps - max 35'
Cars Entered: 16
Entry List: A .pdf of the entry list is available for download here.

Live Timing & Streaming

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Twitter

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Discord

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Standings

Full championship standings can be found here.

Previous Races

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2020.10.31 13:07 AutoModerator Daily VeChain Discussion - October 31, 2020

Welcome!
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Please remember to always operate within the Reddit and subreddit rules and be respectful towards each other
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2020.10.31 13:06 AutoModerator Formula Renault Eurocup: Imola - Race 1 Discussion

Formula Renault Eurocup

Imola - Race 1

F1FS Wiki: Formula Renault Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

All times are in CET (UTC+1:00)
Session Local Time
Qualifying 1 Sat 12:00
Race 1 Sat 15:30
Qualifying 2 Sun 08:55
Race 2 Sun 10:30
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.
A collection of this weekends timetable including other events is available here.

Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari

Imola, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.909 km (3.050 mi)
Turns: 19
Race Lenght: 30'
Cars Entered: 19
Entry List: Here

Live Timing & Streaming

The Formula Renault Eurocup Series has it's own official Live Streaming services.
  • Live Streaming
  • Live Timing: [Here]()

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Discord

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Standings

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Previous Races

You can access previous races of this series and more here: F1FS Race Replays
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2020.10.31 10:00 PelotonMod [Race Thread] 2020 Vuelta a España - Stage 11

Date Stage From > To Length Type Finish Time
31 Oct. 11 Villaviciosa > Alto de la Farrapona 170.2 km (106 mi) Hard Summit 12:24-17:15 CET
The stage will feature four 1 st category and one 3 rd category climb. These will include La Colladona mountain pass, La Cobertoria and San Lorenzo before the final climb of the Alto de La Farrapona. The race leaders will do their best to defend their positions in preparation for the decisive next day at the Alto de L’Angliru.
Information Official Site / Startlist / Official Facebook / Roadbook
Previews UCI, Cycling News, GCN, Cycling Weekly, PEZ
/peloton content Pre-Race thread / Cheat Notes / Adopt a rider / RFL / SWL
Live Trackers Official Tracker / @lavuelta twitter / Cycling News / PCS / Tissot timing
TV Eurosport / Check your local broadcaster here
Streams Tiz Cycling / Cycling.today, Coverage starts around 14:45 CET
submitted by PelotonMod to peloton [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 09:36 AutoModerator Euroformula Open: Barcelona - Race 1 Discussion

Euroformula Open Barcelona - Race 1

F1FS Wiki: National F3 Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

A collection of this weekends timetable including other events is available for download here.
Saturday & Sunday times are in CET (UTC+1:00)
Session Local Time
Qualifying 1 Fri 11:26
Qualifying 2 Sat 15:22
Qualifying 3 Sat 09:00
Race 1 Sat 12:05
Race 2 Sat 16:00
Qualifying 4 Sun 09:00
Race 3 Sun 12:25
Race 4 Sun 15:50
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

Montmeló, Catalonia, Spain
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Turns: 16
Distance: 18 laps - max 35'
Cars Entered: 16
Entry List: A .pdf of the entry list is available for download here.

Live Timing & Streaming

The Euroformula Open has it's own official Live Streaming service.

Twitter

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Discord

We have a Discord server for the subreddit, check it out here: Link

Standings

Full championship standings can be found here.

Previous Races

You can access previous races of this series and more here: F1FS Race Replays
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2020.10.31 09:32 AutoModerator F4 German Championship: Lausitzring II - Race 1 Discussion

ADAC Formula 4 Lausitzring II - Race 1

F1FS Wiki: FIA Formula 4 Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

A .pdf of the weekends timetable including other events can be found here.
All times are in CET (UTC +1:00)
Session Local Time
Free Practice 1 Fri 08:00
Free Practice 2 Fri 11:05
Qualifying 1 Fri 15:15
Qualifying 2 Fri 15:35
Race 1 Sat
Race 2 Sun 09:00
Race 3 Sun 12:30
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

EuroSpeedway Lausitz

Klettwitz, Brandenburg, Germany
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.345 km (2.700 mi)
Turns: 14
Length: 30 Minutes (Max)
Cars Entered: 13
Entry List: Here

Live Streaming & Timing

The ADAC Formula 4 series has it's own official Live Streaming & Live Timing services:

F1FS Guide

New to FIA Formula 4? You can watch our dedicated video guide that introduces the category HERE!

Twitter

For up to date information regarding this series, follow these Twitter accounts:
  • ADAC F4: No official account, use the hashtag #ADACF4
  • F1FS Twitter: @F1FeederSeries

Discord

We have a Discord server for the subreddit, check it out here: Link

On-Demand Race Replays

You can access previous races of this series here: 2019 ADAC F4 Race Replays

Standings

Full championship standings here: Link
submitted by AutoModerator to F1FeederSeries [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 08:36 AutoModerator Formula Regional European Championship: Barcelona - Race 1 Discussion

Formula Regional European Championship Barcelona - Race 1

F1FS Wiki: National F3 Guide 2020 Drivers & Teams 2020 Calendar

Session Times

A .pdf of this weekends timetable including other events can be found here.
All Times are in CET (UTC +1:00)
Session Local Time
Qualifying Fri 15:57
Race 1 Sat 11:05
Race 2 Sat 17:00
Race 3 Sun 10:25
You can convert the session times to your local time by follow the following link.

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

Montmeló, Catalonia, Spain
Circuit Diagram
Length: 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Turns: 16
Distance: 30 Minutes + 1 Lap
Cars Entered: 11
Entry List: Here

Live Streaming & Timing

The Formula Regional European Championship series has it's own official Live Streaming services:

Twitter

For up to date information regarding this series, follow these Twitter accounts:
  • Formula Regional European Twitter: No official account, use #FormulaRegional
  • F1FS Twitter: @F1FeederSeries

Discord

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On-Demand Race Replays

You can access previous races of this series and more here: F1FS Race Replays

Standings

Full championship standings can be found here.
submitted by AutoModerator to F1FeederSeries [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 06:50 rapsforlife647 UPDATED WIKI

Formatting
Content
REMOVE:
*please don’t use docdroid, we prefer imgur hosting
STAR FORMAT https://www.careereducation.columbia.edu/resources/resumes-impact-creating-strong-bullet-points
STAR Examples:
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2020.10.31 06:35 immunizeOR Free Flu Shots -- Vancouver, Portland, Gresham, Tualatin, Silverton

Legacy Health is offering free flu shots to the community during the first part of November. No insurance or payment requested. Various locations and dates. 1pm--7pm.
Ages 6 months and older. Vaccines available include high-dose (ages 65+), egg-free (ages 18+), preservative-free, and latex free. Also, cute bandaids. While supplies last.
We’d appreciate if you could share this flyer with your networks.
submitted by immunizeOR to vancouverwa [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 06:19 immunizeOR Free Flu Shots -- Portland, Vancouver, Gresham, Tualatin, Silverton

Legacy Health is offering free flu shots to the community during the first part of November. No insurance or payment requested. Various locations and dates. 1pm--7pm.
Ages 6 months and older. Vaccines available include high-dose (ages 65+), egg-free (ages 18+), preservative-free, and latex free. Also, cute bandaids. While supplies last.
We’d appreciate if you could share this flyer with your networks.
submitted by immunizeOR to Portland [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 05:56 Lupinepublishers-PBS Lupine Publishers The Concept of Science in Islamic Civilization the Case Psychology and Behavior Sciences

Lupine Publishers The Concept of Science in Islamic Civilization the Case Psychology and Behavior Sciences
Lupine Publishers Scholarly Journal Of Psychology And Behavioral Sciences

https://preview.redd.it/v5u1pdt63dw51.jpg?width=166&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0b8e2319156dcd0e952ef5cb5e6b00bbbf3edf21
Abstract
Islamic civilization formed in context of behavioral changing and explaining human behavior in many medieval teachings led to emergence of behavioral science and psychology. Present study proved scientific approach of Islamic civilization to human behavioral research that it has illustrated concept of science in Islamic civilization. The capital of this change in behavior of nations is emergence of human phenomena called Prophet’s everyday life. Writing daily life has been common issue of world civilizations since ancient times. This religious phenomenon of Prophetic usage effected on attitude, hygiene which explained in various schools of religious psychology and social psychology, including Gestalt school. The writing of life style of Prophet led to establishment science in Islamic civilization entitled Knowledge of everyday life of Prophet because general phenomenon of character of Mohammad’s daily life is like a symphony that has organized behavior of Islamic societies for centuries. The subject of this science is perfect human behavior, which is intuitively understandable to human societies. And it can be considered starting point of knowledge of Islamic behaviorism in Middle Ages. Because this generality exists alongside any partial behavior of Prophet. Within framework of Aristotle’s book on the soul Philosophers produced theoretical foundations of Islamic psychology and behaviorism. Alpharabius, Avicenna on soul and its belonging to body and neuroscience of these communications and his research on human sensory perceptions and physical connection of soul and essential place of prophecy in its completion. Islamic behavioral sciences refer to initiatives of Islamic societies.
Keywords: Psychology; Avicenna; Alpharabius; Lifestyle; Soul; Prophetic usage
Historical and Theoretical Introduction
The concept of science in civilization from Greek civilization to Islamic civilization Inductive study of the teachings is Aristotle’s initiative in the history of science. The way of thinking in Islamic civilization has been formed with a tendency towards Aristotle. The concept of science in Islamic civilization is the same as the concept of science in Greek civilization. It is on this basis that Aristotle was called the first human teacher in the history of science in ancient times due to his special tendency in the inductive division of sciences and knowledge. And Aristotelian philosophy has remained an active force in the method and concept of science to this day. Alpharabius was named the second teacher of science for sharing Aristotle’s method. His classification of sciences is based on Aristotle’s Book of Soul, which is first classic book on human behavior and it is theoretical basis of behavioral science in history of science.
Psychology and behavioral sciences in Islamic civilization
Behavioral Sciences, which deals with the nature of human individual and social behavior, began with Aristotle’s book of soul and Plato’s teachings about the soul and individual and social behavior of the citizen in the city. The classical form of defining the science of behavior and its place in the history of science is the product of Islamic civilization and was presented by Farabi’s second teacher [1-5]. By combining Aristotle’s and Plato’s views on the soul, he has divided science into five categories. and fifth branch is science of behavior, which Farabi referred to as civil science. Explaining this branch of science, Farabi has spoken about the word soul, behavior, personality, society, the nature of behavior, and the end and purpose of behavior. In beginning of Islamic civilization, Razes and Avicenna wrote book in phycology with title spiritual medicine and Psychosomatics.
Following perfect man in Islam and Christianity in medieval
The most Common denominator of Islam and Christianity in medieval is the need to follow perfect man to achieve happiness. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, St. Augustine wrote a book on the city of God in the context of Plato’s philosophy of soul, criticizing the individual and social behavior of Roman societies towards the behavior of the perfect man. In middle of medieval, Farabi examined perfect and imperfect behavior of man and society. And in late Middle Ages, Averroes criticized the individual and civil behavior of man in the context of Aristotle’s philosophy. He explained science of Islamic behavior on the basis of Aristotelian rationalism. At the same time, Emperor of Germany Frederick II called on Christian, Islamic, and Jewish scholars in the Mediterranean to test the nature of the human soul on the basis of Ibn Sina’s knowledge of the soul, and to ask scientists about the nature of the human soul. What is the reason for this emperor’s scientific actions, which was his apparent behavior in clothing and food and many other customs in accordance with the culture and behavior of Muslims and had several Islamic teachers and counselors, about soul -knowledge?
Anthropology, ethnology in Islamic civilization, behavior people of capitals
One of the most important branches of behavioral science is anthropology, which has been left and produced in classical texts of the Middle Ages. An anthropological leader in the Middle Ages, he traveled to India to learn about behavior and anthropology. According to historians, science is a pioneer in behaviorism of Indian people (Sarton, In medieval literature and history there are texts that are the written legacy of Islamic civilization on the behaviors of individuals and nations. At the forefront is the travelogue of Shiite scholar [6]. He traveled to India in the tenth century to report on the behavior of the India people, An external book on the behavior of the Indian people in 1910 was translated into English by Zakhao with title: Albiruni’s India and Al-Biruni’s encyclopedic work on India [7-10]. Several Islamic travelogues have described the behavior of European peoples and societies in the Middle Ages .as Reporting and Ibn Khaldun, whom European orientalists have called him Montesquieu the Arab. he is the founder of the science of historical sociology. he has examined the socialpolitical behavior of heads of state and communities. His study is a kind of social psychology and is based on understanding human emotions .he has considered the kind of human feeling that can be studied simultaneously in the sciences of behavior, political science, ethics, and history as the driving force behind individual behaviors and community behaviors. he has written articles on sciences of soul and Islamic psychology, his theories on social dilemma and human behavioral education have been compared to those of contemporary psychologists, He has explored human thought and learned from the empirical reason for acquiring knowledge. his views of man are similar to Martin E. P. “Marty” Seligman in Positive Psychology.
Historical value and content accuracy of teachings known as Islamic medicine
Titles as Islamic medicine, health, psychology, means set of teachings that Islamic societies have prepared and attributed to some of the great men of Islam. Including Imam Sadegh’s medicine, Imam Reza’s medicine, the Prophet’s medicine, this attribution may be correct and may be rejected by experts in Islamic history and civilization, This issue is very similar in Islamic civilization and has been disputed for several centuries, and in the history of science and civilization of Christian and Jewish communities, the situation is similar. Is it possible to say that Islamic mathematics and medicine and psychology is opposite to Christian, Jewish and Jewish mathematics? Or that there is only mathematics in Islamic, Christian, Jewish, and Iranian societies.
In the present article, Islamic Health and Islamic Psychology refers to the collection of traditions and teachings and psychology courses that Islamic societies and Muslim people have researched, and the collection of innovative and physical services of Islamic societies to the history of health and behaviors sciences and psychology . And using title of Islamic behavior science and Islamic Psychology is a virtual application. As Ibn Khaldun, an expert on Islamic civilization in ninth century of AH and fourteenth century of AD, has denied existence of Islamic medicine in a critical statement. He said the prophet has no mission as health and medical orders but His mission has been to communicate jurisprudence, sharia, and the laws of religion. Therefore, reader of these studies and similar cases should always realize that he is researching in the context of historical knowledge.
Materials and Methods, Heritage Of Islamic Dating Material in Medieval
It was mentioned in introduction there is great legacy of Oriental and Western writings on behavior and character and lifestyle of Muhammad and his psychological saying , which are in Arabic, Persian, Latin, English , French , Indian , Chinese, and there are big flow of knowledge of Muhammad has become one of sources of science in world and Christian West begun extensive studies of knowledge of Muhammad five hundred years ago in eleventh century of Spain from Toledo but in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries it culminated [11], Italian prince wrote a book in forty volumes that examines evidence for forty years of Prophet’s behavior, The Biography of Muhammad: the Issue of the Sources, It is noteworthy that these historical materials related to Muhammad’s lifestyle came at the time were compiled that until the fourth century AH, the world witnessed a great urban movement based on the Prophet’s behavior in the urban development of Medina. Medina is the birthplace of the most civilized people in the Islamic world who have the behavior of an Islamic human being against the behavior of an ignorant human being .And the Prophet rejected ignorant behavior and replaced it with Islamic behavior [12-16].
Result, analyzing prophet’s behavior, observation in Mohammad style life
Behavioral science and psychology in Islamic philosophy One of the sciences that emerged in Islamic civilization is the science of psychology that scientifically examines the behavior, actions, and reactions of the human soul. the volume of Islamic teachings about the human soul and its behavior is modest that the Islamic civilization then became the most productive In Psychology and Ethics and Human Behavior that heretofore have been seen in the world. In this civilization it had been created unique results such as Avicenna an unparalleled man who co-founded the topic of sensory perception, which is a common theme of the behavioral sciences and cognitive sciences , In an empirical experiment, he proved the human soul, and several centuries after that, German Emperor Frederick II posed questions to his contemporary philosophers and sought to replicate and execute Avicenna’s experiment on the soul in Sicily al-Farabi who first examined the behavior of human societies. he separated individual behavior from social behavior and divided the types of behaviors into virtual cities and non-virtual societies. he is indeed a philosopher of societal behavior, he divided societies on the basis of human behavior to Ignorant cities and misguided communities.
One of the behaviors of misguided and ignorant societies is the struggle for survival over water, food, housing, clothing, and material necessities. Farabi has returned the root of society’s behavior to the innate, inherent of human being. This theory on the behavior of societies was repeated by seven centuries later [17]. he has identified the material cause of the struggle for survival with the inherent selfishness of man [18], the historical induction into the minds of philosophers before Farabi and after Hobbes and philosophers between the two, the analysis and explanation of the behavior of societies depends on a psychological theory of human nature, and the behavior of societies is subject to the self and psyche of human individuals. Societal behavior is a function of one’s self and psyche [19].
Monopoly of writing daily life to Muhammad, prophet of Islam by orientalis
The possibility of historiography of Muhammad’s complete lifestyle is a fact in field of orientalism and many orientalist have concluded that it is only possible to trace the Prophet’s daily lifestyle because only his body and grave are known, and there is a rich legacy of teachings on his behavior, interests, and tastes about food. , Clothing, socializingetc. There studied in his book behavior of Arab in two societies with two different life styles. “Muhammad in Mecca, Muhammad in Medina” examined Muhammad’s influence on behavior of two different societies and his change in behavior and attitudes has determined them. After Qur’an, which describes behavior man’s first book that wrote was book of Prophet’s behavior. The Prophet’s behavior writing is still prevalent among Islamic and non-Islamic scholars as in her book ,those are in his book La vie in his book Muhammad, His Life Based on the Earliest Sources, and watt in Mohammad in Meca and medina, F. E. Peters,in his book The Quest for Historical Muhammad, at the top of the teachings of Mohammad is a behavioral doctrine that is the main reason for his being a prophet.
The tradition of writing the Prophet’s behavior in Islamic civilization
In medieval literature and history there are texts that are the written legacy of Islamic civilization on the behaviors of individuals and nations. At the forefront is the travelogue of Shiite scholar. he traveled to India in the tenth century to report on the behavior of the India people, Several Islamic travelogues have described the behavior of European peoples and societies in the Middle Ages. as Reporting of They talked about the difference between the morals and the behavior of the people of the capital and the behavior of the people of the cities (Ibn Jubayr, Ibn Battuta and Ibn Khaldun, whom European orientalists have called him Montesquieu the Arab. he is the founder of the science of historical sociology.
He has examined the social-political behavior of heads of state and communities. His study is a kind of social psychology and is based on understanding human emotions .he has considered the kind of human feeling that can be studied simultaneously in the sciences of behavior, political science, ethics, and history as the driving force behind individual behaviors and community behaviors. he has written articles on sciences of soul and Islamic psychology, his theories on social dilemma and human behavioral education have been compared to those of contemporary psychologists, He has explored human thought and learned from the empirical reason for acquiring knowledge. his views of man are similar to Martin E. P. “Marty” Seligman in Positive Psychology.
Hygiene from prophet to averroes
There are in history of Islamic civilization in medieval The Prophet’s teachings on mental health and body and social behaviors culminated in five centuries by Ibn Rushd in his book in medicine “general in medicine“, (al-Koliyaat fi tab) “that is final version of Islamic medicine in medieval and and it was Ibn Rushd’s medical encyclopedia of medicine that studied in Europe until nineteenth century in Europe, which was called Colgate( Hunkke,….). It is dedicated to the evolution of the teachings of the Prophet. More than a hundred treatises on health and hygiene were written from the time of the Prophet to Ibn Rushd. These works begun with work of Prophet’s close successors such as who compiled in his book Islamic health education in the framework of the science of nutrition and medicine [20-24].
Divisions and Types of Hygiene in Prophet’s Hygiene and Health
The Prophet’s medical heritage shows that he drew the right pattern for a social and individual hygiene and person’s health behavior. The focus of his teachings is cleanliness and hygiene. In his teachings, he has introduced faith as a direct and dependent function of health and cleanliness. The Prophet’s instructions and rites in hygiene have been researched a lot so far. Among them is the book The First University and the Last Prophet in various issue of hygiene , behavior sciences , psychology in Islamic texts of medieval in forty volumes in the twentieth century, [11,25,26] The Prophet’s instructions for the protection of the body and the soul were collected after that, and so far it has been the main subject of research, and some, such as Ibn Khaldun, have looked at it critically and has discussed whether Prophet is obliged and present Shari’a and religion or whether he has issued health orders medical heritage left by the Prophet includes to heritage of body , soul, society , animals, trees, waters, clothes.
Some of these commands are as follows
a. Mental health: that the Prophet has many instructions about choosing the right color for belt shoes and all kinds of clothing. b. Hygiene of the body. c. The Prophet’s instructions on skin hygiene by choosing the right types of cotton yarn and the quality of clothing in terms of volume and materials. d. Prophet’s instructions about dairy products. e. 4-The Prophet’s instructions regarding food - in some cases, for example, he has mentioned sheep members for better quality nutrition. f. 6- The Prophet’s advice on the quality of drinking and eating etiquette. g. 7- Prophet’s instructions on walking etiquette h. 8- Prophet’s instructions about the properties of fruits i. 9- Prophet’s instructions on speaking etiquette. j. 10- Prophet’s instructions on marriage. k. 11-The instructions of the Prophet during the occurrence of diseases and epidemics such as cholera and plague
Discussion in Aristotelian Roots of Islamic Civilization in Behavioral Sciences
Islamic Paradigm of Aristotle’s Book on the Soul Aristotle is Funder of psychology by his book on the soul and many scholars introduced this book as a book on psychology but this book reached Europe through Arabic literature and Islamic and Iranian teachings, and it is an Islamic paradigm. Therefore the most important aspect of this research paper is originality of psychology in Islam civilization [27-30]. Because in appearance, main capital of Islamic civilization in production of Islamic psychology is Aristotle’s book on soul but in historical reality, Aristotle’s book on the soul has been critiqued and analyzed by Muslim scholars for about seven centuries, and new scientific perspectives on soul have been presented. After Aristotle’s book on soul, writing essays in soul based this book is one of the initiatives and achievements of behavioral sciences in Islamic civilization. Aristotle’s Treatise on the Soul was translated into Arabic in second half of the eighth century A D, A later Arabic translation of Aristotle book on soul into Arabic by Ishaq ibn made a translation into Arabic from Syriac. The Arabic versions show a complicated history of mutual influence. Avicenna and al-Farabi wrote independent writings on nature of human soul, study of soul in works of, then Ibn Rushd analyze process of soul and natural and perfect behavior of man in relation to behavior of perfect man. The Aristotelian paradigm of the soul is an Islamic paradigm that was formed by Muslims, led by Ibn Sina in the Middle Ages, and entered the field of Christian philosophy and Christian theology through Islamic theology. Encouragement of Frederick II the study of Islamic sciences including Aristotelian psychology, had been developed. This is one of obvious issues in the history of philosophy and humanity and literature of medieval [30-34].
Perfect man behavior, capital of psychology, attitude, behavior, emotion
Jesus and Muhammad are perfect man in systematic theology of Christian and Islam in medieval. Common denominator of selfstudy analyzed, explained, and accepted and understandable in psychology school of Gestalt and within framework of intuitive theories about social behavior. Our intuitive efforts to make scientific arguments about everyday life are fruitful, if intuitive understanding of behavior was validated by humans, and if intuitive theories about human behavior were not valid, our social interactions would be severely impaired.
Conclusion
The Prophet’s tradition is capital of human and social attitudes, and social psychologists consider attitude to be the symbol of three components: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral function. Attitudes help us to understand our surroundings and to express our values through function (and the function of self-defense. No on e has ever been able to find a better alternative to Muhammad’s lifestyle to determine human behavior, and all efforts have been in vain because one of essential purposes of Prophet’s behaviors and traditions is to provide a solid foundation for good human behavior. For centuries, some philosophers have tried, like, to find new ethics based on biology and other sciences.
https://lupinepublishers.com/psychology-behavioral-science-journal/pdf/SJPBS.MS.ID.000182.pdf
https://lupinepublishers.com/psychology-behavioral-science-journal/fulltext/the-concept-of-science-in-islamic-civilization-the-case-psychology-and-behavior-sciences.ID.000182.php
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